The Erie Canal is a New York State treasure. In the early 1800s when New York governor DeWitt Clinton proposed building a canal that would connect the navigable Hudson River to Lake Erie by a 300-mile canal through the wilderness, Thomas Jefferson said, “It is a splendid project and may be executed a century hence…but it is a little short of madness to think of it at this day.” With foresight, DeWitt Clinton claimed, “By this great highway, unborn millions will easily transport their surplus production, procure their supplies and hold a useful and profitable intercourse with all the maritime nations of the world.” When the canal opened on October 26, 1825 it was an immediate success.
The Erie Canal has been enlarged and altered over the years but today this “gem” is enjoyed by boaters, hikers, bikers, fishermen, bird watchers, history buffs, nature lovers and those looking to spend time in the “Slow Lane.” The 363 miles can be explored in their entirety or in segments. Today there are 57 locks that allow boats to make the 573-foot change in elevation from the Hudson to Lake Erie.
1. Erie Canalway National Heritage Corridor Visitor Center: Peebles Island State Park in Waterford, where the Hudson and Mohawk Rivers meet, is home to the Erie Canal Visitor Center and where the Erie Canal is joined by the Champlain Canal. It is just one place to learn about this historic canal.
2. Erie Canal Village: Erie Canal Village in Rome is the only place in New York State where people can ride on a horse-drawn canal boat. In its day it was state-of-the-art travel. The Erie Canal Village has three museums dealing with the canal, transportation and cheese. The Village includes a blacksmith shop, one-room school, a church, livery stable, Fort Bull Railroad Station, a canal store and a settler’s house.
3. Canastota Canal Town Museum: All along the canal, towns grew up; the small town of Canastota strives to preserve its canal town ambiance. Canal Town Museum in a former bakery is now home to the museum. It is one of the oldest structures on Canal Street displaying canal memorabilia, a replica of a canal boat cabin and exhibits about local businesses that served the canalers.
4. Chittenango Landing Canal Boat Museum: Check out the three-bay dry dock where Erie Canal boats were built and repaired. The on-site interpretive center and library provide hands-on activities and exhibits. There is also a sunken canal boat, blacksmith shop, sawmill, stable, warehouse and woodworking shop.
5. Old Erie Canal Historic Park: The 36-mile linear park between Rome and Dewitt near Syracuse has been designated a National Recreation Trail by the National Park Service and is a great place for biking, canoeing, fishing, hiking, snowshoeing, horseback riding and picnicking. The towpath which parallels the canal is part of the New York State Canalway Trail system.
6. Weighlock Museum: The more things change, the more they stay the same. Ever notice those places along the highway where trucks are pulled over to be weighed? Well, they were doing the same thing with canal boats on the Eire Canal 150 years ago. Syracuse was one such station on the canal. The museum includes a history of the Erie Canal, tales of the canal days, a canal boat typical of the era, a recreated weighlock office, a typical tavern and general store. Visitors should start with the informational video about the life and times of the Erie Canal.
7. Camillus Erie Canal Park: Camillus was midpoint on the original canal. The Erie Canal Park preserves a seven mile stretch of the Erie Canal and includes the impressive Nine Mile Creek Aqueduct, which is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. It was built to carry the Erie Canal 144 feet above the creek. Also visit Sim’s Store, a recreated 19th century general store with a small museum on the second floor.
8. Lockport: Next to Locks 34 and 35 is the Flight of Five Locks, considered an engineering marvel when it was built. Located at the bottom between the two sets of locks is a small museum. Above the locks visit the Erie Canal Discovery Center, a state-of-the-art interpretive center to learn about the role the canal played in the history of New York State.
9. Mid-Lakes Navigation: Several companies offer canal trips. Mid-Lakes, located midway along the canal, offers day trips on the Erie and Oswego Canals plus self-skippered traditional canal boats for multi-day trips. Stopping points along the canal have places to moor along with water and electrical hookup.
10. Feeder Canals: The Erie Canal was so successful that everyone wanted a canal. Today the Champlain, Oswego, and Cayuga-Seneca Canal are still operational. They offer 524 miles of navigational and recreational fun and adventure. Along the way there are great historical sites, cities, quaint villages, and nature refuges to visit.